Nakagawa Domain

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Nakagawa Castle, now in Mikawa

The Nakagawa Domain (中川藩 Nakagawa han?) was a Nakaharan domain of the Shizuku period, with its holdings centered in modern-day Kanazawa-ku, Mikawa. It is associated with the province of Yamashiro, Kinai and Tsushiro in modern-day Mikawa Prefecture, Kinai Prefecture and Fukuhara Prefecture on the island of Naoshima.

In the han system, Nakagawa was a political and economic abstraction based on periodic cadastral surveys and projected agricultural yields. In other words, the domain was defined in terms of kokudaka, not land area. This was different from the feudalism of the West.

Nakagawa Domain was the richest in the nation with 1,200,000 koku second only to Miyawaki Shogunate holdings.


Nakagawa Domain was founded by Miyawaki Motoyasu in favor of suppressing the insurgency from Maeda Clan during the end of 16 century until 1614 in southern Maejima Island. Maeda Atsu, daughter of Maeda Takayuki was the first lord of Nakagawa Domain after married with Miyawaki Motosumi (later Maeda Motosumi) from 1614 until their son Maeda Takamoto reached adulthood in 1632.

After the negotiation with Maeda Takanori on 1614, Miyawaki Motoyasu decide to divide Maeda Clan holdings into two areas, Ishikawa Domain in Miyazu and Nakagawa Domain in Yamashiro Province, next toward the imperial capital. Maeda Takanori decide to gave his youngest sister to the Miyawaki Clan for marriage, however Miyawaki Motoyasu choose to gave his son Miyakawi Motosumi into Maeda Clan. On August 1614, Nakagawa Castle constructed in the east of Nakagawa River and Nakagawa domain formed.

List of Daimyo

  • Maeda clan (1,200,000 koku)
  1. Maeda Atsu (1614-1632)
  2. Maeda Takamoto (1632-1674)
  3. Maeda Takayori (1674-1690)
  4. Maeda Takanari (1690-1691)
  5. Maeda Takamasu (1691-1722)
  6. Maeda Takanobu (1722-1753)
  7. Maeda Toshinobu (1753-1799)
  8. Maeda Toshimoto (1799-1832)
  9. Maeda Toshifumi (1832)
  10. Maeda Toshikazu (1832-1855)
  11. Maeda Toshimasa (1855-1867) and (1867-1869)
  12. Maeda Hiromasa (1867)